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What is a Mixture in chemistry?


What is a Mixture in chemistry?

What is a Mixture?

In chemistry, a mixture refers to a combination of two or more substances that are not chemically bonded together. Each substance in the mixture retains its own unique chemical properties and can be separated from the mixture using physical methods such as filtration, distillation, or chromatography.


Examples of mixtures

Examples of mixtures in chemistry include:

1.      Air: Air is a mixture of several gases such as nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other trace gases.

2.     Saltwater: Saltwater is a mixture of water and dissolved salt (sodium chloride).

3.     Brass: Brass is a mixture of copper and zinc.

4.     Blood: Blood is a mixture of plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

5.     Soil: Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, and water.

6.     Milk: Milk is a mixture of water, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, and various vitamins and minerals.

7.      Concrete: Concrete is a mixture of cement, sand, gravel, and water.

8.     Vinegar: Vinegar is a mixture of water and acetic acid.

9.     Perfume: Perfume is a mixture of various fragrant compounds, solvents, and fixatives.

10.  Alloy: An alloy is a mixture of two or more metals, such as steel (a mixture of iron and carbon) or bronze (a mixture of copper and tin).

11.    Gasoline: Gasoline is a mixture of various hydrocarbons, additives, and detergents.

12.   Paint: Paint is a mixture of pigments, solvents, resins, and additives.

In all of these examples, the mixture is made up of two or more components that are physically combined and can be separated through various methods. Mixtures can be homogeneous (uniform throughout) or heterogeneous (non-uniform).


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