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Group Block of all Elements 118

A group of elements in the periodic table are grouped together into blocks according to the atomic orbitals that their valence electrons or vacancies occupy.  Charles Janet seems to have coined the phrase originally. The s-block, p-block, d-block, and f-block names are given to each block in honor of its distinctive orbital.

 

The block designations (sharp (0), primary (1), diffuse (2), or fundamental) are derived from the spectroscopic notation for the value of an electron's azimuthal quantum number (3). The following notations are listed alphabetically as g, h, etc., even though the items that should be in these blocks have not yet been discovered.

 

The only block with all three categories of elements—metals, nonmetals, and metalloids—is this one. The groups that make up the p-block elements are as follows: group 13, the icosagens; group 14, the crystallogens; group 15, the pnictogens; group 16, the chalcogens; group 17, the halogens; and group 18, the helium group, made up of the noble gases (aside from helium) and oganesson. As an alternative, the p-block can be defined as comprising noble gases, reactive nonmetals like halogens, metalloids, post-transition metals, and reactive nonmetals (excluding helium).

 

  

Group Block of all Elements

Atomic No

Name

Symbol

Group Block

1

Hydrogen

H

Nonmetal

2

Helium

He

Noble gas

3

Lithium

Li

Alkali metal

4

Beryllium

Be

Alkaline earth metal

5

Boron

B

Metalloid

6

Carbon

C

Nonmetal

7

Nitrogen

N

Nonmetal

8

Oxygen

O

Nonmetal

9

Fluorine

F

Halogen

10

Neon

Ne

Noble gas

11

Sodium

Na

Alkali metal

12

Magnesium

Mg

Alkaline earth metal

13

Aluminum

Al

Post-transition metal

14

Silicon

Si

Metalloid

15

Phosphorus

P

Nonmetal

16

Sulfur

S

Nonmetal

17

Chlorine

Cl

Halogen

18

Argon

Ar

Noble gas

19

Potassium

K

Alkali metal

20

Calcium

Ca

Alkaline earth metal

21

Scandium

Sc

Transition metal

22

Titanium

Ti

Transition metal

23

Vanadium

V

Transition metal

24

Chromium

Cr

Transition metal

25

Manganese

Mn

Transition metal

26

Iron

Fe

Transition metal

27

Cobalt

Co

Transition metal

28

Nickel

Ni

Transition metal

29

Copper

Cu

Transition metal

30

Zinc

Zn

Transition metal

31

Gallium

Ga

Post-transition metal

32

Germanium

Ge

Metalloid

33

Arsenic

As

Metalloid

34

Selenium

Se

Nonmetal

35

Bromine

Br

Halogen

36

Krypton

Kr

Noble gas

37

Rubidium

Rb

Alkali metal

38

Strontium

Sr

Alkaline earth metal

39

Yttrium

Y

Transition metal

40

Zirconium

Zr

Transition metal

41

Niobium

Nb

Transition metal

42

Molybdenum

Mo

Transition metal

43

Technetium

Tc

Transition metal

44

Ruthenium

Ru

Transition metal

45

Rhodium

Rh

Transition metal

46

Palladium

Pd

Transition metal

47

Silver

Ag

Transition metal

48

Cadmium

Cd

Transition metal

49

Indium

In

Post-transition metal

50

Tin

Sn

Post-transition metal

51

Antimony

Sb

Metalloid

52

Tellurium

Te

Metalloid

53

Iodine

I

Halogen

54

Xenon

Xe

Noble gas

55

Cesium

Cs

Alkali metal

56

Barium

Ba

Alkaline earth metal

57

Lanthanum

La

Lanthanide

58

Cerium

Ce

Lanthanide

59

Praseodymium

Pr

Lanthanide

60

Neodymium

Nd

Lanthanide

61

Promethium

Pm

Lanthanide

62

Samarium

Sm

Lanthanide

63

Europium

Eu

Lanthanide

64

Gadolinium

Gd

Lanthanide

65

Terbium

Tb

Lanthanide

66

Dysprosium

Dy

Lanthanide

67

Holmium

Ho

Lanthanide

68

Erbium

Er

Lanthanide

69

Thulium

Tm

Lanthanide

70

Ytterbium

Yb

Lanthanide

71

Lutetium

Lu

Lanthanide

72

Hafnium

Hf

Transition metal

73

Tantalum

Ta

Transition metal

74

Tungsten

W

Transition metal

75

Rhenium

Re

Transition metal

76

Osmium

Os

Transition metal

77

Iridium

Ir

Transition metal

78

Platinum

Pt

Transition metal

79

Gold

Au

Transition metal

80

Mercury

Hg

Transition metal

81

Thallium

Tl

Post-transition metal

82

Lead

Pb

Post-transition metal

83

Bismuth

Bi

Post-transition metal

84

Polonium

Po

Metalloid

85

Astatine

At

Halogen

86

Radon

Rn

Noble gas

87

Francium

Fr

Alkali metal

88

Radium

Ra

Alkaline earth metal

89

Actinium

Ac

Actinide

90

Thorium

Th

Actinide

91

Protactinium

Pa

Actinide

92

Uranium

U

Actinide

93

Neptunium

Np

Actinide

94

Plutonium

Pu

Actinide

95

Americium

Am

Actinide

96

Curium

Cm

Actinide

97

Berkelium

Bk

Actinide

98

Californium

Cf

Actinide

99

Einsteinium

Es

Actinide

100

Fermium

Fm

Actinide

101

Mendelevium

Md

Actinide

102

Nobelium

No

Actinide

103

Lawrencium

Lr

Actinide

104

Rutherfordium

Rf

Transition metal

105

Dubnium

Db

Transition metal

106

Seaborgium

Sg

Transition metal

107

Bohrium

Bh

Transition metal

108

Hassium

Hs

Transition metal

109

Meitnerium

Mt

Transition metal

110

Darmstadtium

Ds

Transition metal

111

Roentgenium

Rg

Transition metal

112

Copernicium

Cn

Transition metal

113

Nihonium

Nh

Post-transition metal

114

Flerovium

Fl

Post-transition metal

115

Moscovium

Mc

Post-transition metal

116

Livermorium

Lv

Post-transition metal

117

Tennessine

Ts

Halogen

118

Oganesson

Og

Noble gas

 

 

 

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Group Block of all Elements 118

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