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Carbon uses in industry

Carbon uses in industry

The carbon element available in the earth’s crust is in the form of chemical and organic compounds, such as calcium carbonate, which is responsible for building the structures of marine organisms, in addition to coal, which is one of the fossil fuels and various types of rocks that make up the earth’s crust. Carbon chains are the basis for preparing organic compounds such as oil and its derivatives, food particles and others [1] Activated carbon is used in many important industries, including: [2] [3]

1.      Carbon-based graphite is used in the manufacture of electric motors, respirators, and pencils.

2.     Lightweight carbon fibers are used in the manufacture of aircraft, missiles, railways and sporting goods.

3.     Carbon is used to make thin graphite sheets inside electronic devices.

4.     The impure form of carbon found in wood and coal is used in the iron industries to smelt metals.

5.     Carbonate diamonds are used in manufacturing processes.

6.     Carbon is used to make paints, ink, batteries, and rubber tyres.

 

 

Uses of graphite in industry

Graphite is one of the forms of carbon produced by exposure of its components to high temperatures and pressure when formed. It is also called crystalline carbon. One of its most important characteristics is its ease of use and formation in industries.

It is characterized by its good conductivity of heat and electricity. It is considered one of the chemically inactive minerals during chemical reactions. Among its most important industrial uses are: [4]

 

1.      Lubricant industry: Graphite is used in the production of lubricants by reacting with water vapor to produce a thin outer layer that reduces the friction of automobile brakes. It is also used in the manufacture of water-resistant oil paints for furniture and wood panels.

2.     Manufacture of electrodes Graphite is used in the manufacture of electrodes in batteries, electrodes of electrochemical cells and the manufacture of rechargeable lithium batteries. It is also used in nuclear reactors as a stabilizer that helps limit the movement of neutrons during nuclear reactions.

 

 

The use of diamonds in industry

Diamond metal is one of the carbon forms available in nature, and its use is not limited to the jewelry industry only, as it can be relied on for industrial purposes because of its hardness, strength and the ability to withstand pressure due to the strong chemical bonds between carbon atoms, and its good heat conductivity and resistance to chemical agents, and from Its most important industrial uses: [5]

 

1.      Cutting tool: Synthetic diamonds of high hardness are used to make cutting tool blades; Like saws, electric saws, drilling machines and wheels to grind rocks and turn them into fine powder, synthetic diamonds differ from natural ones in terms of cost of use.

2.     Hardware industry: Diamond is used in the manufacture of some hardware parts, such as those found in X-ray imaging devices and lasers, due to its properties such as its resistance to damage and corrosion, its conductivity to thermal energy, and its durability.

 

 

 

Reference

1.      "carbon", Britannica, Retrieved 13/1/2022. Edited.

2.     "Carbon", Periodic Table, Retrieved 13/1/2022. Edited.

3.     "Carbon", toppr, Retrieved 13/1/2022. Edited.

4.     "Uses of Graphite", BYJOS, Retrieved 13/1/2022. Edited.

5.     Hobart M. King, "Diamond", Geology.Com, Retrieved 13/1/2022. Edited.

 

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