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Carbon uses in Everyday Life

 

Carbon uses in Everyday Life

Carbon uses in Everyday Life

Carbon enters the composition of nutrients that provide the human body with the energy needed to carry out vital activities. Examples of these nutrients are: carbohydrates, sugar, glucose, and protein,[1] and carbon dioxide in the blood plays an important role; Because it maintains the acidity in the blood,[2] carbon is an interesting element; Due to the diversity of its uses, especially when combined with other elements, the following are the most prominent uses of carbon:[2]

 

1.      It is used in printers as a base for ink, especially inkjet printers. It is used in the soft drink industry.

2.     It is present in fire extinguishers in the form of carbon dioxide.

3.     It is used in electrical appliances such as refrigerators, and cooling systems such as air conditioners.

4.     Contributes to the formation of dry ice; So that it is an element that helps in cooling.

5.     It is used as a tool to decorate precious jewelry.

6.     Calcium carbide is used to weld metal parts.

7.      It is used in the preparation of acetylene and organic compounds.

8.     It is used in the manufacture of heat-resistant tools and machines.

9.     Amorphous carbon is called vegetable carbon, which absorbs various gases.

 

 

Some uses of carbon are due to its crystalline form; Graphite is used in lubricating machines and in the manufacture of pencils. On the other hand, diamonds are considered a rare and precious crystalline rock, and are characterized by their extreme hardness.

Therefore it is used to make cutting tools,[2] and carbon can be used to measure the life span; Such as the age of organic materials, the period of bone formation, and the age of ancient fossils, and thus carbon contributes to knowing the age of dinosaur fossils.[1]

 

 

The importance of carbon

The term carbon in Latin means: coal or charcoal, and its uses were discovered since 1772 by a French scientist named Rene de Riomur, and carbon is found in group No. 14 in the periodic table of chemical elements, and the atomic number of carbon is 6, and its chemical importance can be shown as The following:[2]

1.      Carbon is widely available in the earth's crust, as it occupies the fifteenth place of the most abundant elements on the earth's crust, and the fourth place of the most abundant elements in the universe.[2]

2.     Carbon is the basic element of the branch of organic chemistry; All organic elements contain carbon,[1] and it also has a distinct composition that enables it to bond with other atoms to a large extent to form various molecules, and human cells and internal systems depend heavily on the element carbon, and there are 3 forms of pure carbon in nature: Amorphous, diamond, and graphite.[3]

 

 

The physical properties of carbon

The physical properties of carbon vary according to the form in which it is found in nature; Diamond and graphite are two substances that consist of pure carbon, but they differ in crystal structure; What caused the difference in the physical characteristics between them, as follows:[1]

1.      Diamonds are transparent without color, and graphite is black.

2.     Diamond is hard and hard, while graphite is soft and spongy.

3.     Diamond does not conduct electricity, but graphite does.

 

 

 

Reference

1.      "Carbon", toppr, Retrieved 13/1/2022. Edited.

2.     "Carbon Uses in Everyday Life", sciencestruck, Retrieved 13/1/2022. Edited.

3.     "Carbon Uses in Everyday Life: Lesson for Kids", study, Retrieved 13/1/2022. Edited.

 

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