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Organic Chemistry (6th Edition) Janice Gorzynski Smith pdf

 

Free download Organic Chemistry (6th Edition) written by Janice Gorzynski Smith in pdf published in 2017.


Free download Organic Chemistry (6th Edition) written by Janice Gorzynski Smith in pdf published in 2017.

 

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Book name: Organic Chemistry (6th Edition) written by Janice Gorzynski Smith

Book Format: pdf

Author: by Janice Gorzynski Smith

Number of pages: 2607

Book size: 65.0 MB

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

Download Center: Google Drive

 

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Description

Organic chemistry. You might wonder how a discipline that conjures up images of eccentric old scientists working in basement laboratories is relevant to you, a student in the twenty-first century.

Consider for a moment the activities that occupied your past 24 hours. You likely showered with soap, drank a caffeinated beverage, ate at least one form of starch, took some medication, and traveled in a vehicle that had rubber tires and was powered at least partly by fossil fuels. If you did any one of these, your life was touched by organic chemistry.

 

What Is Organic Chemistry?

It is one branch in the entire field of chemistry, which encompasses many classical subdisciplines including inorganic, physical, and analytical chemistry, and newer fields such as bioinorganic chemistry, physical biochemistry, polymer chemistry, and materials science.

Organic chemistry was singled out as a separate discipline for historical reasons. Originally, it was thought that compounds in living things, termed organic compounds, were fundamentally different from those in nonliving things, called inorganic compounds. Although we have known for more than 150 years that this distinction is artificial, the name organic persists. Today the term refers to the study of the compounds that contain carbon, many of which, incidentally, are found in living organisms.

It may seem odd that a whole discipline is devoted to the study of a single element in the periodic table, when more than 100 elements exist. It turns out, though, that there are far more organic compounds than any other type. Organic chemicals affect virtually every facet of our lives, and for this reason, it is important and useful to know something about them.

Clothes, foods, medicines, gasoline, refrigerants, and soaps are composed almost solely of organic compounds. Some, like cotton, wool, or silk, are naturally occurring; that is, they can be isolated directly from natural sources. Others, such as nylon and polyester, are synthetic, meaning chemists in the laboratory produce them. By studying the principles and concepts of organic chemistry, you can learn more about compounds such as these and how they affect the world around you.

Realize, too, what organic chemistry has done for us. Organic chemistry has made available both comforts and necessities that were previously nonexistent, or reserved for only the wealthy. We have seen an enormous increase in life span, from 47 years in 1900 to over 70 years currently. To a large extent this is due to the isolation and synthesis of new drugs to fight infections and the availability of vaccines for childhood diseases. Chemistry has also given us the tools to control insect populations that spread disease, and there is more food for all because of fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides. Our lives would be vastly different today without the many products that result from organic chemistry

 

Some Representative Organic Molecules

Perhaps the best way to appreciate the variety of organic molecules is to look at a few. Three simple organic compounds are methane, ethanol, and trichlorofluoromethane. Methane, the simplest of all organic compounds, contains one carbon atom. Page 3 Methane—the main component of natural gas—occurs widely in nature. Like other hydrocarbons—organic compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen —methane is combustible; that is, it burns in the presence of oxygen. Methane is the product of the anaerobic (without air) decomposition of organic matter by bacteria. The natural gas we use today was formed by the decomposition of organic material millions of years ago.

 

In this introduction, we have seen a variety of molecules that have diverse structures. They represent a miniscule fraction of the organic compounds currently known and the many thousands that are newly discovered or synthesized each year. The principles you learn in organic chemistry will apply to all of these molecules, from simple ones like methane and ethanol, to complex ones like eribulin mesylate and trabectedin. It is these beautiful molecules, their properties, and their reactions that we will study in organic chemistry.

WELCOME TO THE WORLD OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY!

 

Table of Contents

Preface

Prologue

Chapter 1 Structure and Bonding

Chapter 2 Acids and Bases

Chapter 3 Introduction to Organic Molecules and Functional Groups

Chapter 4 Alkanes

Chapter 5 Stereochemistry

Chapter 6 Understanding Organic Reactions

Chapter 7 Alkyl Halides and Nucleophilic Substitution

Chapter 8 Alkyl Halides and Elimination Reactions

Chapter 9 Alcohols, Ethers, and Related Compounds

Chapter 10 Alkenes

Chapter 11 Alkynes

Chapter 12 Oxidation and Reduction

Chapter 13 Mass Spectrometry and Infrared Spectroscopy

Chapter 14 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Chapter 15 Radical Reactions

Chapter 16 Conjugation, Resonance, and Dienes

Chapter 17 Benzene and Aromatic Compounds

Chapter 18 Reactions of Aromatic Compounds

Chapter 19 Carboxylic Acids and Acidity of the O−H Bond

Chapter 20 Introduction to Carbonyl Chemistry: Organometallic Reagents; Oxidation and Reduction

Chapter 21 Aldehydes and Ketones—Nucleophilic Addition

Chapter 22 Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives—Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution

Chapter 23 Substitution Reactions of Carbonyl Compounds at the α-Carbon

Chapter 24 Carbonyl Condensation Reactions

Chapter 25 Amines

Chapter 26 Carbon-Carbon Bond-Forming Reactions in Organic Synthesis

Chapter 27 Pericyclic Reactions

Chapter 28 Carbohydrates

Chapter 29 Amino Acids and Proteins

Chapter 30 Synthetic Polymers

Chapter 31 Lipids (Available online)

Appendices

Glossary

Credits

Index 


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