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وفرة جميع العناصر الكيميائية في المحيط Abundance of elements in the ocean

وفرة العناصر في المحيط   Abundance of elements in the ocean


وفرة العناصر في المحيط 
Abundance of elements in the ocean



11%
Hydrogen
7.2×10-10%
Helium
0.000018%
Lithium
6×10-11%
Beryllium
0.00044%
Boron
0.0028%
Carbon
0.00005%
Nitrogen
86%
Oxygen
0.00013%
Fluorine
1.2×10-8%
Neon
1.1%
Sodium
0.13%
Magnesium
5×10-7%
Aluminum
0.0001%
Silicon
7×10-6%
Phosphorus
0.093%
Sulfur
2%
Chlorine
0.000045%
Argon
0.042%
Potassium
0.00042%
Calcium
1.5×10-10%
Scandium
1×10-7%
Titanium
1.5×10-7%
Vanadium
6×10-8%
Chromium
2×10-7%
Manganese
3×10-7%
Iron
8×10-9%
Cobalt
2×10-7%
Nickel
3×10-7%
Copper
5×10-7%
Zinc
3×10-9%
Gallium
6×10-9%
Germanium
2.3×10-7%
Arsenic
4.5×10-8%
Selenium
0.0066%
Bromine
2.1×10-8%
Krypton
0.000012%
Rubidium
0.0008%
Strontium
1.3×10-9%
Yttrium
2.6×10-9%
Zirconium
1×10-10%
Niobium
9.9×10-7%
Molybdenum
0%
Technetium
7×10-11%
Ruthenium
N/A
Rhodium
N/A
Palladium
1×10-8%
Silver
5×10-9%
Cadmium
1×10-11%
Indium
9.9×10-10%
Tin
2×10-8%
Antimony
N/A
Tellurium
6×10-6%
Iodine
5×10-10%
Xenon
5×10-8%
Cesium
3×10-6%
Barium
3.4×10-10%
Lanthanum
1.2×10-10%
Cerium
6×10-11%
Praseodymium
2.8×10-10%
Neodymium
0%
Promethium
4.5×10-11%
Samarium
1.3×10-11%
Europium
7×10-11%
Gadolinium
1.4×10-11%
Terbium
9.1×10-11%
Dysprosium
2.2×10-11%
Holmium
9×10-11%
Erbium
2×10-11%
Thulium
8×10-11%
Ytterbium
1.5×10-11%
Lutetium
8×10-10%
Hafnium
2×10-10%
Tantalum
1.2×10-8%
Tungsten
1×10-10%
Rhenium
N/A
Osmium
N/A
Iridium
N/A
Platinum
5×10-9%
Gold
5×10-9%
Mercury
1×10-10%
Thallium
3×10-9%
Lead
2×10-9%
Bismuth
2×10-18%
Polonium
0%
Astatine
6×10-20%
Radon
N/A
Francium
1×10-15%
Radium
N/A
Actinium
4×10-12%
Thorium
2×10-23%
Protactinium
3.3×10-7%
Uranium
0%
Neptunium
0%
Plutonium
0%
Americium
0%
Curium
0%
Berkelium
0%
Californium
0%
Einsteinium
0%
Fermium
0%
Mendelevium
0%
Nobelium
0%
Lawrencium
0%
Rutherfordium
0%
Dubnium
0%
Seaborgium
0%
Bohrium
0%
Hassium
0%
Meitnerium
0%
Darmstadtium
0%
Roentgenium
0%
Copernicium
0%
Nihonium
0%
Flerovium
0%
Moscovium
0%
Livermorium
0%
Tennessine
0%
Oganesson

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المصادر:

1 CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 89th Edition



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